As the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights states in her report, as a result of the Russian attack, seizure and occupation of Mariupol, up to 90 % of residential buildings in the city were damaged or destroyed, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave Mariupol.

At the same time, the Russian air strike on the Mariupol Drama Theater on March 16 was one of the deadliest attacks on civilians in the history of large-scale Russian aggression. At the same time, by the end of March, all hospitals in Mariupol ceased to work stably, and in early March, when the cold had not yet ended, electricity, gas and water supply stopped in Mariupol.

At the same time, Russian propaganda cynically promised the transfer of “sanatoriums and health resorts empty during the off-season” of the temporarily occupied Crimea to accommodate residents from Mariupol destroyed by Russian troops. However, later the occupying “authorities” on the peninsula decided that the sports halls of the Crimean schools “are much better suited for this purpose.”

The “quota” declared by the occupiers to receive “refugees” could not even cover half of the real number of people who arrived in Crimea in private civilian cars as part of the very first evacuation column. But then the flow of Mariupol residents to the occupied peninsula decreased.

The factors limiting the migration of residents of the occupied Mariupol to the occupied Crimea were found out by the expert of the Association of Reintegration of Crimea Alexander Herzen.

According to the Russian invaders’ “press”, almost 11,000 residents of Ukraine crossed the line with Crimea at “checkpoints” in the north of the peninsula between March 16 and 20, 2022. Separately, Russian propaganda specified that most of these people were allegedly “residents of Mariupol”.

However, this invaders’ statement raises doubts, because at that time active battles were still going on in Mariupol.

Therefore, citizens who kept their personal cars, in general, could not risk them and their lives, and continued to hide from the Russian invaders in the basements. But the aggressor country tried to create a “bright picture”, and therefore recorded in March under the guise of “Mariupol refugees” all Ukrainians arriving in the Russia-occupied Crimea from the combat zone.

On March 24, in the city of Dokuchaevsk, Donetsk Region, the invaders criminally created a “filtration camp” for civilians who tried to leave Mariupol. With people detained by the invaders, the punitive structures of the FSB and other Russian services began to carry out so-called “filtration measures”, which consisted of personal searches, interrogations and fingerprinting.

The occupiers criminally transported people who “successfully passed the filtration”, which was not possible for everyone, to Russia, in particular, to Taganrog in the Rostov Region and to the Krasnodar Territory.

The next day, March 25, the occupiers criminally opened another “filtration camp” in Nikolske (until 2016 – Volodarske). As has long been clarified, Russian troops “advance on the old maps of the General Staff of the USSR” and “do not recognize” Ukrainian names. Therefore, the “camp” “Volodarske” became the second in a row and the first in importance object in the system of criminal filtering of persons from the areas of Mariupol captured by the aggressor.

From it, the Mariupol displaced persons could get to the other Ukrainian territory occupied by the Russian army – either to Berdyansk or Donetsk; or – to the Russian border through Novoazovsk and further to Taganrog.

The first column of Mariupol residents in private cars left the burning city through Nikolske. At the same time, the local district police department, captured by the occupiers, became entrenched in the rumor of displaced persons under the name of the “two flags checkpoint”, since here, next to the Russian one, the “emblematics” of the Donetsk puppets of the occupiers hung, and the criminal “screening out” of people and the search for “unreliable elements” were carried out by the punishers of the Russian FSB together with their Donetsk accomplices.

A feature of the criminal “distribution” of Mariupol residents was that, after they had undergone “filtration measures”, they were forbidden to stay on the territory of the “camp” of the occupiers, since the sports mats and the floor on which people were sleeping side by side in Nikolske’s school, the occupiers “needed to urgently release ” for other Mariupol residents “arriving for filtration”.

Therefore, those people who were lucky to escape from the “camp” quickly dispersed in all directions, choosing the least dangerous, in their opinion, places of distribution. But, as it turned out later, the personal desire of the displaced persons was poorly taken into account by the Russian occupiers.

For example, people who risked driving from Nikolske to Donetsk, which has been occupied since 2014, experienced a sad fate. Those of them who did not have close relatives in Donetsk who could give them shelter, were again formed into a column by the occupiers and forcibly criminally sent to Russian Taganrog.

We assume that the participants in the very “first wave” of the automobile exodus from Mariupol should have foreseen such risks. This means that the direction to the Crimea was chosen either by “former Crimean residents”, who themselves lived in the Crimea until 2014, or by persons who had relatives there.

They, as well as displaced persons from Kherson and Melitopol, quickly chose the illegal “refugee limit” set by the invaders, after which the invaders’ “administration” criminally redirected the “evacuation routes” to other places.

On March 25, in the seized premises of the Mariupol shopping center “Metro”, the Russian invaders criminally opened the “headquarters of the party” “United Russia” and began to form lists of those “wishing” to leave Mariupol for Donetsk or Dokuchaevsk. Buses ran almost daily and left completely packed with Mariupol residents. But the persons “forming groups for evacuation”, kept silent vilely and criminally the fact that the above cities are only a “transshipment base”.

As it later became known, the Russian government approved a criminal decree “on the distribution by regions of the country” of persons “who left Ukraine in an emergency mass order”. The corresponding document was published on March 12, but the residents of Mariupol, isolated from sources of information, for the most part did not know about it.

Just as Mariupol residents did not know that the constituent entities of Russia were ordered to “organize the reception of such persons in accordance with the quota”, and if it was exhausted, “send refugees to other regions”.

The Mariupol residents, who allegedly left “to Donetsk”, after their further criminal deportation to Russia, got the forced “distribution” in the Rostov, Voronezh, Volgograd regions, Krasnodar or Stavropol Territories, and even in the Republic of Kalmykia.

According to the “decree”, the Voronezh region (7000 people), Krasnodar region (5330), Rostov region (4725) and Belgorod region (4547), as well as the occupied Crimea (4788) “should have accepted” the most “refugees”. As we can see, the peninsula, although it was “in third place in terms of mass”, “completed its quota” already during the first week of Russian aggression, namely – until March 20.

Therefore, the Mariupol displaced persons, who tried to leave by bus from the territory of the fake “humanitarian aid center” near the “Metro” after March 25, no longer had the opportunity to “evacuate to the Crimea”. Accomplices of the occupiers working at the “Information” desk offered them “to choose from” only “two options”, allegedly “Donetsk or Dokuchaevsk”, but in fact, as it is above-mentioned, both options in March-April 2022 meant criminal deportation to Russia .

Our Association has repeatedly written that the infrastructure of the Crimea, flooded with soldiers of the occupying garrison and forcibly populated by Russian colonialists, was not designed for such a “population growth”.

Therefore, the “reception quota” for Crimea “has been established” is rather modest. The fact is that the massive influx of Mariupol displaced persons into the occupied Crimea is unprofitable for the aggressor, both financially and ideologically, which is easily seen when studying the fake “regulations” of the terrorist “people’s republics”, controlled by the aggressor.

The puppet “rulers” of the criminal “republics” issued fake “orders” according to which “the hryvnia will have temporary circulation” in the Russian-occupied Luhansk region from March 17 until “special order”, and in the occupied areas of the Donetsk region – “from March 26 to July 1, 2022”. At the same time, the “daily threshold of trading operations in hryvnia” by these fake “documents” was criminally “set in the amount equivalent to 300 thousand Russian rubles.”

Initially, the illegal “rate” of the exchange was 2.5 rubles for one hryvnia, but two months later, Russian puppets Leonid Pasechnik and Denis Pushilin “made changes” to their criminal “decrees” and “lowered the rate” immediately by 20%.

The leaders of local collaborators did not explain the reasons for such a “decision” dictated by their Kremlin curators, but they lie on the surface. It is obvious that the fake “economy” of the terrorist pseudo-republics could not withstand even those insignificant amounts of hryvnia cash that refugees from Mariupol and other settlements of Ukraine brought.

Therefore, the forced criminal “regulatory weakening of the hryvnia exchange rate” became the only way out for the collaborators. They were most likely prevented from “giving up the hryvnia” or introducing “tougher restrictions on daily trading limits” by their Kremlin handlers.

At the same time, it is beneficial for the aggressor that some of the citizens of Ukraine who have relatives or their own housing in the areas of the Donetsk region that were under occupation until February 24, 2022, continue to stay there as hostages and “human shields”.

Moreover, the territories of Russia, as it “suddenly” turned out, were not ready to provide “Ukrainian refugees” with even the minimum conditions provided for by international law for this category of persons.

Therefore, over time, by May 2022, the Kremlin shifted to the collaborators the duty to “rake” in the gray zone of lawlessness and arbitrariness, which Donetsk and Luhansk have become since 2014, the consequences of the humanitarian catastrophe of Mariupol created by the Russian occupation forces.

We have reason to believe that the occupiers deliberately decided to “lower the priority” of Crimea as a potential refuge for “Ukrainian refugees”, and at the same time tried to “save face”.

Two facts point to this: the lack of an “official green corridor” from Mariupol to Crimea among the occupiers and the subsequent illegal “regulatory policy” of the Central Bank of Russia in relation to the hryvnia, which, in particular in Crimea, was deliberately tougher than the above criminal “instructions” of Donetsk terrorists, which naturally was the common criminal intent of the aggressor.

On April 6, 2022, this financial institution of the aggressor published “clarifications” that “citizens permanently residing in Ukraine can exchange hryvnias for Russian rubles”, “those who urgently arrived in Russia in 2022” and “received funds earlier” within the framework of “measures of social support”.

At the same time, the residents of Mariupol who were displaced specifically to Crimea, which was criminally referred to by the aggressor as allegedly “Russian territory”, had to “provide an identification document at the bank.” At the same time, “money received during the exchange” was not issued in cash, but “credited to a ruble account” opened for a citizen in occupiers-controlled “bank”.

In addition to the restriction regarding the “mandatory passage” of citizens of Ukraine through the criminal “Russian filtration camp”, with the subsequent issuance of the above funds of supposedly “social support”, the Central Bank of Russia established an “additional restriction”.

It “allowed” the amount in the equivalent of no more than 8 thousand hryvnia per person to exchange in Russia and, accordingly, in the occupied Crimea for Mariupol residents. At the same time, as mentioned above, in the occupied Donetsk and Luhansk, the occupiers deliberately “allowed for exchange” more significant amounts.

The above financial restrictions, in our opinion, have become an additional factor that further “lowered the priority” of the occupied Crimea as a temporary shelter for displaced persons from Mariupol.

The “statistical data”, published by the aggressor also confirms this. According to the fake “ministry of labor and social protection of the republic of Crimea”, most of the citizens of Ukraine who arrived on the peninsula after February 24 did not plan to “get a job” there.

Of the 34 thousand potential “refugees” as of April 4, 2022, a little more than a hundred people wanted to “officially find a job”. Mariupol residents were not eager to receive a fake “refugee status” in Crimea.

It is also obvious that the 10 thousand rubles paid only to individuals as “social support” are unlikely to be enough for a full life on the peninsula, while the occupiers refuse to exchange hryvnia for rubles, as indicated above. This means that the displaced persons, who arrived in Crimea, could only exist on their cash foreign exchange savings in the currencies of third countries.

At the same time, as we already wrote, the Ukrainian “refugees of the first wave”, despite all the efforts of the aggressor, destroyed the ideological plans of the invaders by their actions.

It was their persistent unwillingness to quickly and massively join the fake, propaganda “socio-economic life” of the occupied Crimea that caused, in our opinion, the introduction by the aggressor of criminal “regulatory mechanisms” aimed at limiting the further movement of residents of Mariupol to the occupied peninsula, as well as to their “squeezing out” from the Crimea to Russia.

Over time, the occupiers were forced to publicly and criminally declare “the undesirability of Ukrainian refugees” in Crimea, as allegedly “interfering with the holiday season”.

However, at the same time, the Russian invaders promised to “turn into a resort” the Mariupol they destroyed, so now it is difficult to understand what they now understand by the categories of “resorts” and “tourism”.

Most likely, this is a kind of deserted space that keeps traces of Russian war crimes, and every day the risks of expanding such “recreational zones” in the territories of Ukraine occupied both in 2014 and in February-May 2022 increase.