From the start of Russian broad-scale aggression against Ukraine World Health Organization (WHO) paid systematic attention to the situation. On 3 March 2022 WHO launched the Emergency appeal for Ukraine and refugee receiving and hosting countries.

On 10 May 2022 WHO Regional Committee for Europe, during its special session adopted a resolution entitled “Health emergency in Ukraine and neighboring countries, stemming from the Russian Federation’s aggression”, asking, inter alia, the WHO Regional Director for Europe to consider temporarily suspending all regional meetings in Russia, including technical meetings and meetings of experts, as well as conferences and seminars, until peaceful resolution of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine is implemented and Russia withdraws its military forces from the territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders.

On 26 of May 2022 WHO adopted on its Seventy-fifth World Health Assembly the Resolution “Health emergency in Ukraine and refugee receiving and hosting countries, stemming from the Russian Federation’s aggression” in a vote, with 88 yes, 12 no, 53 abstentions.

In this resolution WHO expresses grave concerns over the ongoing health emergency in Ukraine and refugee receiving and hosting countries, triggered by the Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, resulting in conflict-related trauma and injuries as well as increased risks of illness and death from non-communicable diseases, of emergence and spread of infectious diseases, of mental health and psychosocial health deterioration, of human trafficking, of gender-based violence, and of sexual and reproductive health including maternal and child health deterioration.

WHO alarmed in Resolution in particular by the disproportionate impact of disrupted health services on vulnerable groups, such as women and children, internally displaced persons, elderly people and persons with disabilities. WHO pointed in Resolution on the health impacts of the Russia’s aggression which have regional and wider-than-regional significance, including, inter alia, significant numbers of refugees fleeing Ukraine; the risks of radiological, biological and chemical events and hazards; and the exacerbation of an already significant global food security crisis.

WHO urged Russia in Resolution to immediately cease any attacks on hospitals and other healthcare facilities and to fully respect and protect all medical personnel and humanitarian personnel exclusively engaged in medical duties, their means of transport and equipment. WHO further urged Russia in Resolution to respect for and protection of the sick and wounded, including civilians, health and humanitarian aid workers, healthcare systems consistent with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, and with broader international humanitarian law.

WHO decided it this act that continued action by Russia to the detriment of the health situation in Ukraine, at regional and global levels, would necessitate that the World Health Assembly should “consider the application of relevant articles of WHO Constitution”; it means that Russia got perspective to got limited participation in WHO or to be excluded from this UN organization. To monitor the situation WHO requested, inter alea, its Director-General to pursue the monitoring, collection, documentation and dissemination of data on attacks on healthcare facilities, health workers, health transports, and patients in Ukraine.

Our Association sent to UN structures and competent European scientific experts in March-May, 2022 more that 10 submission describing the situation with medical aid and diseases on Russia-occupied territories of Ukraine and will intensify own work on this issue in future.

Full WHO’ Resolution text is available on the link