As Russian media previously reported [1], the “federal target program” “Socio-economic development of the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol until 2025” will not continue [2], and therefore the Crimean collaborators have only three years to spend allocated “federal funds. The “leaders” of the aggressor-controlled structures, which are responsible for providing the population of the occupied peninsula vital services of socially significant consumer value, approached “most prepared” for the process of utilizing the “federal investments” for their own benefits.

If we do not take into account the military goods and infrastructure, the supply of which to the Crimea is the highest priority for the aggressor State, there will be only one area for investment in which the Russian invaders allegedly “spent all possible” – water supply. But if the federal government “allocates” funds to improve water supplies to the peninsula with one hand, and takes back a key portion of the money with the other hand, the occupation “administration” in the Crimea and its Kremlin curators are rowing money with both hands. Associate Professor Andriy Chvalyuk will tell in more detail about the scams in the procurement of the so-called “State Unitary Enterprise” “Voda Kryma” (“Water of Crimea”).

On August 2, 2021, Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin supported the allocation of an additional 2.3 billion rubles from the reserve fund to “improve the water supply in the Crimea”,” namely, to “speed up the reconstruction and repair of infrastructure”. Also, the Russian invaders finally acknowledged the fact that “there is enough water in the Crimea”. However, they did not specify for whom it was “enough” – for the needs of the local population, for the colonizers, brought from Russia, or for the military from the constantly growing Russian occupational contingent. The Russian invaders decided that “further improvement of water supply in the region should take place, including through the reduction of losses in the pipeline networks, as a significant part of them is worn out by 70 percent or more”.

The most serious sums will be allocated for the “reconstruction of the water supply system” in Yalta, which requires a “tunnel length of 762 meters”, which is planned to write off 940.3 million rubles, and “acceleration overhaul” of the main water supply system in Simferopol District, where they plan to “develop” 1.36 billion rubles. The overhaul from the village of Zhayvoronky to the Dzerzhinsky state farm is also expected “to be repaired”. However, the new tranches, unlike the previous ones, contain an additional condition – “subsidy” will be provided “on co-financing”, i.e. 95 % – from the “federal budget” and 5% from the so-called “budget of the Republic of Crimea” [3]. Thus, the rules of the “fair slot machine” have changed – to get the prize, you now need to toss a coin from “your own pocket”. Will the Crimea-located occupiers and collaborators be able to find an additional 115 million rubles in their leaky “budget”? We doubt it, because the entire “budget of the Republic of Crimea” for 2022 was “approved” with a deficit of 2.9 billion rubles [4].

During last year, as it has happened many times in the past “budget periods”, the size of the real deficit of the “budget of the Republic of Crimea” significantly exceeded the “planned” one. But even if the funds are refined and the allocated “subsidy” will finally go not to new crazy projects of “deep water search” or its mythical “desalination”, but to something more real, it does not guarantee that “mastering” these funds will be effective.

The Russian website “Goskontrakty” (“State Contracts”), which contains more than 500 “contracts for the supply of goods, services or works” in the occupied Crimea, will help to understand how and where they will go, or rather to say “leak” the money allegedly allocated for “improving water supply” in all areas [5]. The customer of 360 of them is the Russia-controlled “unitary republican enterprise” “Voda Kryma”, and therefore it is already possible to estimate the scale of “spray of money”. Now let’s move on to specific numbers.

The sums of “contracts” have a wide range, from zero to 450 million rubles and they are all interesting in their own way. Let’s start with the “zero contract” for the provision of services for the disposal of decommissioned vehicles “Voda Kryma” [6], which has no declared “price”, but has a “price” for the “right to enter into an agreement” in the form of two thousand rubles [7] . This amount can be obtained in the Crimea for the delivery of one hundred kilograms of scrap metal. But the car clearly weighs more than one quintal, so something in this “contract” is unique.

We have long since given up hope of understanding the rational logic of such Crimean “officials” as “Director of Production” of “Voda Kryma”, Danilovich Igor Vasilyevich, whose signature is on the above-pointed “contract” [8]. It was with his “permission” that the “written-off vehicle” was allegedly “taken for disposal” as far as 750 kilometers to Stavropol, for example, instead of using the services of four Simferopol private structures, which the occupiers allow “specialize in car disposal” [9]. It is possible that local businessmen did not want to take part in this obviously dangerous scam and therefore did not entrust them with the issue of “quality” disposal of several tons of metal. Or just potential “parties to the contract” did not agree on the price. We assume that the leaders of “Voda Kryma” used a simple but effective scheme: a small “open joint-stock company” with the necessary code of economic activity was selected, which marked the write-off act for a modest “rollback”.

At the same time, of course, the cars did not go to Stavropol, but they went to the nearest local scrap metal reception point; the difference between the proceeds from their purchase and the amount of the “rollback” fell into the pocket of the “official”, responsible for writing off “Voda Kryma”. The approximate amount of income received during the implementation of this scheme is shown in the “contract” cost of “ensuring its implementation”, 22,675 rubles. Let the income be small, but regular. The large car parc of Crimean water management transport was seized by the Russian invaders in 2014, and its unsatisfactory technical condition for eight years of careless operation allows skilled dealers “Voda Kryma” to regularly carry out such “recycling” and even “buy” new cars instead of “written off” it is good to make money.

It should be acknowledged that such a semi-fictitious “purchase of motor vehicles” for the needs of “Voda Kryma” is on a large scale. For example, in 2016, they allegedly “purchased” 22 units at once, including truck cranes, heavy equipment, tank trucks, minibusses totaling 65.2 million rubles [10]. If Roman Vekshin, “responsible for the placement” of this “tender”, would go directly to the manufacturers of automotive equipment, the purchase would cost “Voda Kryma” much cheaper. However, the unification of cars of different purposes and types, as well as special equipment installed on different chassis, was done not by chance, to prevent participation in the “auction” of manufacturers and give the “green light” to resellers with special “assistance mode”. After all, the “agreement” was received by the “Limited Liability Company” “Avtotsentr Tavrida” [11], which “dropped from the starting price” 95.6 thousand and “won the auction”. The “procurement contract” was signed in September 2016 by the “First Deputy General Director” of “Voda Kryma” Valentina Krashkina [12] and it was “finally executed by the supplier” by the end of 2016 [13].

However, Ms. Krashkina is, as they say, a “woman of history”, because in 2007-2019 she was the general director of “Krymvodokanal” enterprise, and at the same time, as an honored functionary of the “Party of Regions”, she became a District Deputy, and since 2010 – the Chairman of Bakhchisaray District Council [14]. She made her career as the director of the “Bakhchisaray Production Association of Water Supply and Sewerage” [15] and directed her “profile knowledge” in a specific path. After all, in 2012, Ukrainian law enforcement officers conducted investigative actions with bribes for the lease of a hydraulic structure in the local village of Golubinka. However, according to the press, in addition to businessmen and the Head of the Village Council, Ms. Krashkina was involved in the scheme [16], and she escaped punishment in this criminal case only because of the Russian occupation started on the peninsula. And the above-mentioned Mr. Roman Vekshin, former Director of the Internet Technology Department of the Moscow firm “Iceberg Group” [17], also proved to be a characteristic person, which will be discussed in our study later, but for now let’s move on to their “contractors”.

Viktor Golovanov is the “general director and main owner” of “Avtotsentr Tavrida” and he at the same time “owns and manages” another Crimean “limited liability company”, “Dendro” [18], located in Simferopol at 21A Kubanskaya Street, which “official contacts” includes emails [email protected] and [email protected] [19]. On December 26, 2016, this “micro-enterprise” received, by the “unforeseen coincidence” so-called “licenses” to use “subsoil areas for geological study and extraction of groundwater used for drinking water supply or technological water supply to industrial facilities”. In fact, Mr. Golovanov received two wells from the Russia-controlled “administration”, exactly 5709 and 5725, for illegal extraction of groundwater in Simferopol. So you can see the know-how of the “purchases” of the Russian invaders, as corrupt “barter kickbacks”.

“Avtotsentr Tavrida” is notable for sitting close to the “public procurement” of the occupied peninsula. Its “regular customers” are various “state unitary enterprises” of the so called “Republic of Crimea”: “Krymekoresursy”, “Krymavtodor”, “Krymteplokomunenergo”, “Crimean Railway”, “Chornomornaftogaz”, medical institutions, “city administrations” and punitive structures, controlled by aggressor State, such as the “Crimean main directorates” of the Ministry of Emergencies or of the Rosguard. All these structures receive from “Victor Golovanov’s firm” under “contracts”, vehicles, services in their diagnostics, maintenance and repair. In the period from 2015 to 2021 “Avtotsentr Tavrida” made 102 “supplies of goods and services” to Russia-controlled “budget organizations” in the Crimea for a total of 3.288 billion rubles, and only on “contracts” with the “Road Service of the Republic of Crimea” there were 2.55 billion rubles mastered. So the mentioned 65.2 million received from “Voda Kryma” is just a drop in the ocean of “budget funds” mastered through this company. It is noteworthy that “Avtotsentr Tavrida” is allegedly the “official Crimean dealer” of the Russian concern “KAMAZ” since 2014 [20].

However, it is difficult to “rejoice” in the success of the life of “director” Golovanov, because a number of signs indicate that we have a typical “goat-happened”, behind the fake “contracts” which are used by completely different persons. And the point here is not even that the “billionaire” Mr. Golovanov is not reflected in open sources anywhere, except for “procurement registers” and “information of legal entities”. I think our reader noticed that we provided the address and emails of the company “Dendro”, and already guessed that it was not done with a certain goal. After all, the same information is indicated by so-called “limited liability company” “Oil Auto” with director Maria Alexandrova, which, among other things, also “mastered” on “contracts” with “Voda Kryma” 11.348 million rubles [21]. Moreover, so called “EC Regionenergo” “limited liability company” had similar emails, which in 2016, for example, helped to “successfully master” 1.58 million from so called “Krymenergo” on the power supply of the gas station in Primorske settlement near Feodosia for a certain ” so called “Krimenergoresursy” structure.

Then, in 2021, this “successful firm” “EC Regionenergo”, which has accumulated 64 “arbitration lawsuits” for “improper performance of contract work” also successfully began the procedure of its “bankruptcy” [22]. That is, the “contractors” of “Voda Kryma” are obvious “envelopes” for money laundering from various “budgetary structures” of the Russian aggressors. We will add that the same Mrs. Alexandrova, “in whose honor” one of the above-mentioned emails is apparently named, was mentioned as a “contact person” in the “contract” of “Avtotsentr Tavrida” in 2018, according to which “Voda Kryma” was to spent 1.915 million rubles for a road roller.

It should be noted that this activity of money laundering through a number of fake and semi-fake structures, backed by the same beneficiaries, has an obvious “roof” not only among the Russia-controlled local punitive structures, but within Russia-governed political intelligence services. After all, the same contact email that united “Avtotsentr Tavrida”, “Dendro”, “Oil Auto” and “EC Regionenergo”, is also indicated as own contect by the “limited liability company” “Pryamoy Kontakt”, “registered in the Bakhchisaray District”, which “main type activities” include “market research and public opinion polls”, and additionally – “publishing newspapers” and even “activities of political organizations” [23]. And since the “politic activities” of this structure have not raised any questions for the Russia-controlled punitive forces since 2015, and no searches or “arrests of extremists” at its address in the village of Skaliste have been noticed – its attitude to the Russian occupiers with their specific “political tasks” is obvious.

The leaders of the “Voda Kryma” are trying to master serious finances for the “security services”. “Voda Kryma’s” bosses are still a long way from the “rector” of the so called “Crimean Federal University”, who paid the Moscow guards 6.5 billion rubles, as our Association recently wrote [24], but they are trying to be “in trend”. Therefore, against the background of the “fight against terrorism” in the Crimea and the panic that is artificially inflamed by the Russian invaders in this regard, the bosses of the “Voda Kryma” is trying to extend the “tender” for 2.5 million man-hours of security guards [25]. Simple calculations show that if they succeed, for the next three years, at least 95 security guards involved will “ensure safety” of the hydraulic structures controlled by “Voda Kryma”. At the same time, “protection” is carried out now, but it is decentralized and is located on a smaller number of facilities.

This is the third attempt of “Voda Kryma” to hand over “strategically important” property, illegally seized from their Ukrainian owners, into “safe hands”. The first two “auctions”, which played “contracts” for “more modest” amounts of 148 million [26] and 120.2 million rubles [27] failed. Apparently, there are no people willing to “risk their freedom” on such objects for such “ridiculous” money. Therefore, according to the rules established by the aggressor State, the “contract amount” will increase until a firm agrees to “mutually beneficial” cooperation. We suspect that this will again be a small private security company from Moscow, with registration in the form of a mailbox.

At the same time, the future fictitious “guards” were “created all the conditions in advance to facilitate vigilant service”. In 2016-2017, “Voda Kryma” spent 61.65 million rubles on “implementation of anti-terrorist protection measures at the facilities” currently controlled by this structure. In accordance with the “requirements of anti-terrorist protection”, “engineering barriers were replaced, video surveillance and technical means of protection were installed” at the objects [28]. Limited liability company “Iceberg Group”, registered in the basement of one of the Moscow houses, was the executor of this “agreement”. The general director of this firm is Nasyrov Davron Makhsatilovich, the founder of six companies, mostly already liquidated, and the director of 25 firms, 15 of which also ceased operations [29]. In the near future, the above-mentioned “Iceberg Group” will join the list of liquidated companies with a share capital of 11,000 rubles, which is only a thousand more than the minimum required for the registration of a Russian company.

Of course, a “strange question” could arise – where, in fact, the profit of a young Moscow firm from the 61.65 million received from the “Voda Kryma”. But the money went offshore and, as we suspect, it returned to the person, who set up the firm as the executor of a multimillion-dollar “contract”. After all, at the end of 2019, the stake in “Iceberg Group” was acquired by the Cypriot company “Acroballeno Trading Limited”, which is now its sole owner. After the Cypriots bought a stake in the company for a symbolic thousand rubles, Mitin Sergei Anatolyevich, founder and main owner of “Iceberg Group” lost his stake quickly, less than a month later. And a month later, the “Iceberg Group”, which seriously “melted”, came under surveillance due to its insolvency (bankruptcy), under which it still arrives.

Thus, the Moscow bosses, who actually manage the funds of “Voda Kryma”, effectively implemented the old scheme of fund’s development and their further withdrawal to offshore. And here it is somehow not surprising from “amazing fact” that the “contact person” for many “contracts” of “Voda Kryma” is the above-pointed programmer Vekshin Roman Alexandrovich [30], who began his career just in the Moscow firm “Iceberg Group”.

Our analysis of the “contracts” placed by “Voda Kryma” in the framework of “public procurement” allows us to state that they have clear signs of inefficient use of multimillion-dollar funds or even their undisguised theft. Since these machinations cannot be carried out without the direct permission or tacit approval of the “top leadership” of “Voda Kryma”, it can be concluded that there is a conspiracy among the “top” of this aggressor-controlled “enterprise”.

And as that large-scale embezzlement has been going on for years, but these facts have not become the “subject of interest” of the Russia-controlled punitive forces, we can assume that the “leadership of the republic” is interested in continuing those processes, and persons responsible for the money laundering, continue to hold their high seats in the “Voda Kryma”. In addition, as it can be seen from the analysis of the “business partners” of the “Voda Kryma”, they not only have signs of fictitiousness, but they are in fact “screens” of the same beneficiaries, apparently related to Russia’s special services.

So, when the Russian government spreads new statements about the “water crisis” or “water deficit” on the occupied peninsula, it is always worth reminding about the specifics of total corruption and negligence of those, whom the aggressor State entrusted with the Crimean water management.