On 9th December United Nations General Assembly adopted its fourth annual resolution 76/70 “Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov”. In this act UN GA reiterated its grave concern over the progressive militarization of the Crimea by Russia, as the occupying Power, namely the continuing destabilization of the Crimea owing to transfers by Russia of conventional weapons, including advanced weapon systems, battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, nuclear-capable aircraft, helicopters and missiles, as well as small arms and light weapons, ammunition and military personnel, to the territory of Ukraine, and urges Russia to stop such activity without delay.
UN GA also reiterated its concern regarding multiple military exercises of Russian armed forces held in the Crimea and parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, which undermine regional security and entail considerable long-term negative environmental consequences in the region. UN GA called upon Russia to refrain from unlawful activities in the Crimea and parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, including but not limited to interfering and blocking navigation both for commercial vessels going to and from ports of Ukraine and for government ships sailing under various flags, which further exacerbate tensions in the region and beyond.
Also UN GA condemned the construction by Russia of navy vessels at the seized shipyards in the temporarily occupied Crimea, which further contributes to the build-up of forces and poses a threat to regional security and stability. UN GA further expressed its concern over the deployment by Russia of military and security forces for the protection of the offshore oil platforms located in the Black Sea, which are the property of Ukraine and which have been seized by Russia, thus excluding Ukraine from its maritime areas, the exploitation by Russia of the underlying natural resources in those areas and its usurpation of the jurisdiction of Ukraine there.
In Resolution 76/70 UN GA called upon Russia to refrain from impeding the lawful exercise of navigational rights and freedoms, exercised in accordance with applicable international law, including provisions of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea including but not limited to closure of sea areas under the pretext of military exercises, in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait. UN GA also condemned the increasing military presence of Russia in parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, including the Kerch Strait, and the harassment by Russia of commercial vessels and its restriction of international shipping there, which further aggravates the economic and social situation in the broader Donetsk region already affected by the temporary occupation of Crimea and subsequent ongoing destabilizing acts by Russia.
Also UN GA noted in this Resolution 76/70 the establishment of the International Crimea Platform and the adoption of the Joint Declaration of the International Crimea Platform Participants; with refer to the Letter dated 29th October 2021 from the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the UN. This letter A/76/503–S/2021/908 determines the Crimea Platform as a new international consultation and coordination format aimed at increasing the effectiveness of the international response to the ongoing temporary occupation of the Crimea, Ukraine, reaffirming the non-recognition of its attempted annexation and achieving the de-occupation of the Crimea and the peaceful return of control to Ukraine.