In a veiled reference to communist China’s recent moves on Taiwan, Japan’s Defense Minister pointed to Russia’s attempted annexation of Crimea as an example of how an invasion can begin without deploying troops, points “Nikkei” from Tokyo.

Russia’s act was an “illegal annexation of Crimea”, Nobuo Kishi said on 22nd October in a video message to the 18th Symposium of US Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and Nikkei. So Minister Kishi added that “an invasion may begin without anyone realizing it, and a war may be fought without the use of military forces”. Minister added that information control and cyberattacks became prominent before Russian troops took control of the Crimean region in 2014.

“Powerful nations are continuing to strengthen their military power to gain dominance in space and cyberspace,” Kishi said. “North Korea has not only existing missiles but also advanced technology. Democracy is in danger everywhere in the world”. Defense Minister Kishi’s warnings come as so-called hybrid warfare and gray zone tactics increasingly attract global attention. These include disinformation, economic manipulation, use of proxies and insurgencies and diplomatic pressure.