The previous part of our story was finished with an emphasis on the certain measures of disguise, i.e. conspiracy, in the ‘business activity’ of the pre-occupational Crimean management and the role of the Russian businessmen in that. 

We have to make a small digression from the subject. The Association of Crimea Reintegration is against a thoughtless obtrusion of any prevailing opinion on the publications of our journalist investigation. Therefore, we sincerely want the readers to take part and make their own assessment on the situation. Our reader is clever, so we suggest doing a practical task.

Telling about one of the episodes on ‘a great oil war’, we recalled using the ‘criminal infantry’, i.e. killers. Besides, both shootings and explosive devices, which are a so-called message with a professional handwriting of ‘criminal combat engineers’, were used for the settlement of the problems. Moreover, they were used quite often during the gang land acts.

For example, when the leaders of the criminal communities discussed how to organize smuggling the Russian petroleum products through the ports of Odesa and Mykolaiv, a resonance occurrence happened.

Odesa, 24th June 1993, 18:00 p.m. The car of Regional Council deputy Oleh Delichenko was blown up. The deputy lost two legs and died in the hospital in two days. His wife and 17 year-old son were injured.  We know it for sure that Mr. Delichenko was closely linked to the criminal authorities’ and had to play a definite role in the organization of petroleum products smuggling.

Later, a wave of explosions hit Crimea. In 1995, at the elections to the local authorities, 44 people got into the regional and city councils of Crimea. They are related with the criminal structures at different levels.  Besides, the criminalization of the political life allowed providing a certain force influence on those ‘people’s representatives’. Certainly, our neighbours were interested in that and took advantage of the situation. They could not be restrained from that.  

In the oil and gas industry in Crimea, everything started from the murder of state enterprise Krymgaz director Dmytro Synelnyk.

In the middle of the 1990-s, in Crimea, the entire alliances appeared. They combined a criminal world with black economy and a half-black economy or policy, as well. Being related with the criminal groups, the people from the circles of entrepreneurs controlled the whole business sectors. 

The issue of the black management of certain territories, which had to be more perfect and absolute, arose.  According the data of the Militia Forces, there were over 40 contracts on life, 33 explosions, 8 mass gang land acts in Crimea, in 1996. In the result of the latter ones, 53 people were killed and over 40 victims were injured.  Some gangs had hundreds of members. Those gangsters formed several smaller gangs.

The murder of Rozdolno City Council head Oleksiy Rebikov was followed with the attempts on the regional officials, as well.  It is possible to recall the resonance political assassinations of such Crimean officials as V. Kuzin, O. Pasko, S. Prokopiev, and others.

They gradually raised the bar, so Dmytro Holdych, First Deputy Minister for Resorts and Tourism of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, was fatally wounded. Perhaps, they took him for Crimean Vice-Prime Minister Andriy Senchenko as he came out of his flat. In 1998, Head of the Crimean State Property Fund Oleksiy Holovizin and even Crimean Vice-Prime Minister Oleksandr Safontsev died.  

The assassination of the latter one draws our attention due to its circumstances. Before Oleksandr Safontsev was adopted for the office of the Crimean Cabinet Council Deputy Head, he was a mayor of Kerch. Then, he moved to the capital of Crimea and stayed at the tourist base Tavria. 

On 5th February 1998, at about 9:00 p.m., Mr. Safontsev was walking up to the tourist base, where he dwelled, under the escort of his security guard and Berkut fighter Roman Harkusha. At that moment, when the guard stepped out in front of him to open the front door of the building, a terrible explosion was heard. A remote-controlled device kicked in. It equalled 500 gram-trotyl and was built in the cast-iron urn. It was so powerful explosion that the urn debris flew to bits and were scattered in the air, left the furrows on the asphalt and deep imprints on the wall of the hotel, made holes in the body of Safontsev’s official Volga standing nearby, and stuck in the engine.

Those debris inflicted severe injuries to the Vice-Prime Minister and his body guard, so both of them were rushed to the emergency room. The physicians examined Safontsev and found abdomen wounds, leg avulsive wounds, vessel injuries, and a large haemorrhage. 

He had undergone surgeries three times due to the threat of the blood supply disturbance in the legs. They sew his vessels together. Nevertheless, despite physician’s doing their best, Oleksandr Safontsev passed away on 21st February.   They did not manage to rescue Roman Harkusha, either.

Later, as it was found out, a specific story was related with the explosive device. One day, the urn standing at the entrance of the tourist base Tavria was taken away for some reason or other. It was replaced with another one filled with explosive. However, somebody ordered to cancel the terrorist act, so they returned the old urn. When the decision for Safontsev’s liquidation was approved, the urn-bomb appeared at the tourist base and went off.  One of the charwoman from the tourist base was astonished with the manipulations. Though, she either did not inform the administration or they just ignored her warnings. 

Later, six killers and even an SBU worker who transferred his own explosive device were detained.  It is clear that the explosion that killed Crimean First Vice- Prime Minister Oleksandr Safontsev was prepared by the professionals of high level. Besides, the Crimean courts kept on considering the cases on the events of the 1990-s to the very occupation. 

From the fundamentals of criminal law, we know that using the explosives in criminal gang land acts is an extremely rare phenomenon. Only in several percents of murders and assassinations, explosive is used. Besides, as a rule, they have such features as

– a thorough preparation for a crime, the absence of impulsion and a peculiar personality of a performer;

– a necessity in using special knowledge and appropriate special preparation during which they simultaneously do the tasks of training the skills of corporatism, the formation of a thought on knowledge of a certain secret criminal expertise, and more professional illegality, as well; 

– more secret ways of supplying the explosives that include a numbered weapon registration and weapon service, the explosives also create tremendous difficulties in discovering the sources of such supplies and identification;

– a possibility of more comfortable and durable surveillance of the terrain;

– the sojourn of the performers and supervising observers at a larger distance from the crime spot, a simplified evacuation after the event;

– a possibility of using the agent background such as a preparation for fishing and so on.

To tell the truth, there are the remarks: a very high amount of self-liquidated people are among those who failed the special training or could not refresh and perfect their own skills for a long time.  

Let’s bring to mind the above mentioned 33 explosions in Crimea which happened within a relatively small period of time. It is also worth recalling the ‘rifle hanging on the wall’ in the first act. We mean those 157 kilos of explosive stored in Kerch. We told you about that in the first part of our investigation.

And now, let’s read some relatively fresh news, which were topical after the Russian aggressive invasion. 

On 16th January 2017, Ukraine brought an action to the UNO International Court in order to call the Russian Federation to account for committing the acts of terror and discrimination during its illegal aggression against Ukraine. Besides, among the mentioned acts of terror, there was a terrorist act, which happened during the March of Unity in Kharkiv. That day, a radiocontrolled explosive device was used. 4 victims perished and 9 victims were injured. 

Exposing Russia did not stop the future actions. Let’s recall only the events of that year. 

‘SBU received strategic information proving that the Russian Federation was intended to create the artificial conditions for wide ranging actions of protest in Ukraine. To do that, those who hide on the territory of the RF from the Ukrainian justice had to organize the attack with using the explosive devices. They had to attack the office of the All-Ukrainian Union Batkivshchyna in Kyiv’, told us SBU National Statesmanship Protection Department Head Viktor Kononenko. IN addition, he reported that the malefactors had to get money from the people who hiding on the Russian territory for committing the crimes.

On 27th June 2017, at 8:15 a.m., colonel Maksym Shapoval, Commander of the Special Rapid Deployment Force at the Head Department of the Ukrainian Military Forces’ Directorate of Intelligence. Somebody planted explosive into his car Mercedes. The explosive was provided with a remote-controlled device.    

On 24th August 2017, at 14.00 p.m., the unknown person activated an explosive device, standing on the sidewalk, opposite the National Art Museum in 6 Hrushevskyi Street. It was an attempt on three people.   As a result, two women and a man got physical injuries. The explosive device was thrown inside the car, in which the Ukrainian servicemen sat. However, the device did not get in, bounced from the car, and went off, injuring the civilians who were the relatives of HOU  Valeriy Chybineyev.

The journalists of the Bellingcat paid attention that Russia actively uses the criminals for committing the contracts on life or assassinations by means of universally dangerous methods. Besides, in April 2019, in Kyiv, a Russian citizen Oleksiy Komarichev was detained. He was blown up on the explosive he planted under the car of another Ukrainian intelligence agent. In 2016, being a militia investigator, Komarichev was caught as he received a bribe. He could face the imprisonment and a penalty of 48 mln. roubles.  That example proves our thesis.

Now, let’s go to the practical task done, using a method of induction, i.e. from the component to the general things. Using the induction, it is not necessary to know all the facts before making a conclusion. That is the main difference between the induction and deduction. Thus, we ask the readers to answer the below-given question themselves. The question is following:

“Are there enough reasons to suppose that the actions, which were done in the above mentioned criminal episodes related with blowing up the officials in Crimea, can indicate a general coordination and control of the secret services who get interested, first of all, in certain periods of time?”

For the sake of those who have doubts, we will continue our story.

To be continued …