On 27 of April experts of “ARC” and Crimean Tatar Resource Center Dr. Borys Babin and Dr. Olexiy Plotnikov took part in the OSCE ODIHR Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting “Democratic Law-Making: Ensuring Participation”  with report devoted to the absence of the democratic law-making processes in the modern Crimea that was important factor of modern water crisis. Experts stated that from 2014 Russia, contrary to the demands of the international humanitarian law, covered the Crimean peninsula by own national legislation and even started to implement it retroactively, to the social relations that were before 2014.

The issues of implementing such legislation by de-facto “courts” and punitive bodies of Russia in the Crimea were recognized by the European Court on Human Rights already in interstate case No. 20958/14 by decision on 14.01.2021 as negative administrative practice that violates the basic human rights [1]. More, such Russian legislation’s application is now the subject of consideration of the International Criminal Court under application of Ukraine [2]. Experts pointed that procedures of the democratic law-making are absent and unavailable for Crimean residents. All so called “elections” to the federal bodies, “regional legislatures” and “local councils” in Crimea are facilitated with the level of presence of “voters” no more than 20 %. And Russian de-facto authorities do not even imitate the “elections” for appointment the so-called “heads” of regions, districts, towns and settlements in the Crimea.

More, as it was proved by the special research of our organisation’s experts, Russian de-facto “authorities” in the Crimea fabricate totally the results of so called “public hearings” even on the level of small villages and of course in all towns of peninsula [3]. Experts informed OSCE that absence of the Crimean residents’ participation in the law-making and decision-making processes caused the crucial consequences for so called “federal target program of development of Crimea and Sevastopol”, adopted by Russian government in 2014. The main goals of this act were pointed on facilitation such international crimes, as development the militarisation of the peninsula and its illegal colonisation by the Russian citizens, more than half of million of which were resettled to the Crimes since last seven years. All other steps of this “program” including the issues of water supply that are vital for the arid Crimean peninsula were ill-grounded and did not reflect the real interests of the Crimean residents and their right to development.

The only practical results of expenses of relevant 11 billions of roubles were only the fantastic corruption of the key “officers” of de-facto “authorities” and of their Kremlin patrons [4]. Any issue of water management, including plumbing, canalisation systems and sewage treatment plants, as well as natural reservoirs and water resources in the Crimea was not solved effectively till 2020 when the especially arid multiannual period started in peninsula due to the global warming. And the extraordinary steps of Russian de-facto “authorities” for solving the water crisis like Russian  government’s prescripts, 2020 № 2668-р and 2021, № 596-р, № 597-р and № 932-р foreseen the additional “federal funding” on 50 billions of rubles allegedly solving the water crisis in the Crimea [5] also have the grounds first of all in area of the corruption not solving the problems of peninsula.

Experts pointed to OSCE that as the steps and mechanisms of such plans and funding, including the purchase the equipment of German concern “Siemens” and Danish company “Grundfos” are not adequate and have no scientific, social or economic grounds and have features of ecocide the unique Crimean ecosystems by mass excavating the millions of cubic meters of artesian waters that cause salination processes. All those normative plans of Russian de-facto “authorities” were not discussed with the Crimean residents. When experts of our organizations informed the relevant UN Human Right Council officers on such violation the right to sustainable development for the Crimean residents [6] Russian punitive structures started proceeding against them as against “international criminals”.

So “ARC” called the OSCE participating states and OSCE bodies including SMM OSCE in Ukraine to monitor and evaluate the processes of “drafting” and “realizing” with “normative acts”, which are adopted by the Russian federal bodies and Russian so-called “authorities” regarding the situation in the Crimea and illegally regulating the social relations on the peninsula.

1. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-207622

2. https://www.icc-cpi.int/Pages/item.aspx?name=2020-otp-rep-PE-UKR

3. https://arc.construction/14008

4. https://ctrcenter.org/uk/analytics/269-organizacijni-ta-finansovi-peredumovi-vodnoyi-krizi-v-okupovanomu-krimu

5. https://ctrcenter.org/uk/analytics/270-nadzvichajni-zahodi-okupantiv-ta-vodna-kriza-v-krimu

6. https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Environment/EnvironmentWater/Civil%20Society/ARC.doc