UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine presented the thirty-first report by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the human rights situation in Ukraine that covers the period from August 2020 to January 2021. Report in its Crimean part is concentrated on issues of right to freedom of religion and belief, unlawful deportations and forced transfers, including of detainees.
Report points that violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law were committed by the occupying Power in the Crimea, including violations of the right to freedom of religion and belief, unlawful deportations and forced transfers, including of detainees, as well as deplorable treatment and conditions in detention.
In the context of the Crimea, temporarily occupied by the Russia Report contains such demands to the Russian Federation:
– uphold obligations as a duty bearer under international human rights law in Crimea and respect obligations as an occupying Power pursuant to international humanitarian law;
– ensure unimpeded access of international human rights monitoring missions and human rights non-governmental organizations to Crimea, pursuant to UN General Assembly resolutions 71/205, 72/190, 73/263, 74/168 and 75/192;
– lift discriminatory regulatory barriers prohibiting or limiting the activities of religious groups in Crimea, including Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Orthodox Church of Ukraine;
– refrain from deporting detainees to serve prison sentences in the Russian Federation and return to Crimea those who were previously deported;
– ensure that persons deprived of their liberty are treated in accordance with the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (Mandela Rules) and the UN Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Noncustodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), and have access to adequate medical care.
As the Head of the UN Monitoring Mission stated by during the presentation of the Report, Russia as an occupying power in Crimea did not fully meet any of the assessed requirements of previous reports and partially met 3 percent. So 97 percent of UN requirements for Russia over Crimea remain unfulfilled.