In the village of Kamyanka near Simferopol, which became “famous” for a huge landfill, the Russian invaders pompously opened a waste processing plant in February 2021. Less than a day later, it broke down, and the local mafia of collaborators returned to the established schemes of dumping garbage into the environment. Let’s explain to readers that until 2014, the “gate of the Crimea”, Simferopol city gave the impression of a fairly clean place, and in the occupation it looks like a post-apocalyptic landfill. The direct guilt of the occupiers is obvious, especially since the garbage chaos is a source of serious incomes for a number of clans of the current peninsula “authorities”.

Prior to the occupation, the regional authorities really had a problem with the Simferopol city wastes’ landfill in Kamyanka, which was overloaded with waste. But, as a modern solution, it was planned to launch a biogas power plant in the Belogorsk district, which would produce the electricity through recycling. It was a joint project of the Lviv firm “Gafsa” and of the unsuccessful Crimean “wastes’ kings” Smirnovs, under the brand “Insight-2007” [1]. But then, as a result of the Russian occupation that began in 2014, Lviv businessmen were “left overboard”, and “Insight-2007” LLC appeared in the “Russian registers”. Nikolay Smirnov is its director now, who “reregistered” the Galician businessmen’s part of project in June 2020 on himself and on Mikhail Plis [2].

Nikolay Smirnov is the brother of Zaur Smirnov, the former invaders’ “chairman of the state committee” on ethnic issues. Together with Arsen Yagichev from Yalta, they represent a clan of Crimean Tatar collaborators, who exchanged their people for shares in the wastes’ business and for the admission to the robbery of Crimea under the Russian roof, as “ARC” has already written. The Smirnov garbage processing plant near Belogorsk (Karasubazar), built on the technologies captured from Lviv residents [6], was opened pathetically in 2016 at the landfill in Turgenivka. The event was advertised by the federal propagandists of “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” and it was presented as a unique “purely Russian” achievement in the Crimea, without reporting on the Western Ukrainian roots of this business project [4].

But soon this project faced with huge problems, and in 2017 it was captured by raiders from the orbit of “Sudak clan” of Borys Deich. After that, the biogas power plant and processing lines were rendered unusable and looted, and the landfill area in Turgenivka continued to be used as a regular landfill, where unloading of every garbage truck was provided in cash to the “black box” of the Deich’s clan. Smirnov’s loss of a facility near Belogorsk coincided with the failure of a special operation to expel Crimean Tatar business from the Ai-Petri plateau, where Smirnov participated in, together with Ruslan Balbek, the product of a social experiment over Crimean Tatars, done by Borys Deich and his curators.

As a result, garbage from Simferopol continued to be transported to Kamyanka landfills and to the landfill in Turgenivka without any processing. Complaints of local residents about the round-the-clock stench and environmental disaster were ignored by the Russian invaders. After all, illegal garbage removal and disposal is a multimillion-dollar business, from which the clans of the “Head of the Crimea” Serhey Aksyonov and of the odious Borys Deich both have large incomes. Deich involved the Kabardino-Balkarian ethnic mafia in this “garbage project”. This Caucasian clan came to colonize Crimea under the leadership of Tamerlan Jazaev, based in Yalta and known for beating a businessman who committed a self-immolation after.

At the same time, Simferopol, which is over-inhabited by Russian colonizers with reduced social responsibility, is drowning more and more in natural dumps and rotting mountains of wastes every year. Local residents already perceive this as a natural component of Russia’s presence in the city, and regular scandals and conflicts between “officials” over the “wastes’ can” have become as commonplace as the weather forecast.

In 2018, the invaders promoted the idea of organizing huge dumps from Moscow city’s wastes in the Northern Crimea. They wanted to dump this garbage in the area of the artificial ecological disaster caused by the occupiers due to salinization of dehydrated soils and emissions from chemical plants in Armyansk. The project was overseen by Artem Chaika, the son of Yuri Chaika, then-Prosecutor General of Russia, who, among other things, helped Aksyonov, the “Head of Crimea”, to buy out his “right hand”, the former “mayor of Yalta”, Andrei Rostenko, from Moscow’s torture chambers. But in the conditions of a strong public resonance in the Russian Federation itself and first of all owing to criticism of competing groups of the Russian special services, invaders refused from this project with a terrible ecological consequences.

After that, a “businessman from Omsk” Maxim Kopeikin appeared [7], who, as an “investor in the Crimea”, announced the construction of a new waste processing plant in Kamyanka by a certain LLC “Ecoprom Crimea” [7]. This happened shortly after a backstage agreement was reached between “sworn friends” Serhey Aksyonov and “speaker of the state council” Volodymyr Konstantynov. As a part of this “agreement”, Konstantinov’s subsidiaries were officially allocated one billion rubles of Russian “federal funds” for the “reclamation of the landfill in Kamyanka”. The ongoing environmental disaster in Kamyanka shows that the aforementioned billion “dissolved” in the pockets of “Crimean officials” and their Moscow curators in the classic way, and the new plant was very much in disguise of its disappearance.

Wastes are the only “product” that is produced stably and large-scale by the Russian “economy” in the Crimea. As “ARC” has already reported, this large and profitable market is divided between the French-German firm “Veolia”, which operates illegally, violation the European sanctions devoted to Crimea, [8] and the “state unitary enterprise” “Krymekoresursy”, controlled by the “Head of the Crimea” Serhiy Aksyonov. Both companies are robbing the population of predatory tariffs for garbage removal and dumping garbage according to the above-described schemes on the landfill in Turgenivka and on several smaller natural dumps in the Crimea. According to the same scheme, collaborators bury construction garbage and wastes of the occupiers’ military units directly in the reserves. Such ecologic catastrophe was covered in detail in the “ARC” study [9]. The wastes’ collapse of 2021 was a development of the crisis, which manifested itself in the beginning of the unauthorized dumping of garbage directly on the city cemetery of Alushta.

It is obvious that the occupiers are not going to solve the essentially ecological problems of Crimea in general and Kamyanka near Simferopol in particular. It is clear that when all efforts are aimed at imitating rapid activity, “budget development” and the creation of a propaganda picture “for reporting by Moscow”, it is not really about the ecology.

Local information sources report that in a short time the “new waste processing plant” Kamyanka was covered with an even more smelly and toxic stench. This caused even greater fears among locals. The invaders’ propagandists themselves report that incomprehensible and previously used equipment has been installed at the plant. They also complain about the violation of “Russian laws” on the sanitary zone a thousand meters from the housings and on the violation of “all other environmental regulations” [11]. This, in fact, is not surprising for a plant that was “built” from the very beginning not for the solution of the wastes’ issues.

The garbage collapse that is taking place in the Crimea is ignored for the unknown reason in the Ukrainian official agenda on the de-occupation of peninsula. Although this should be one of the key challenges, as the Russian invaders, leaving the peninsula, will leave behind mountains of garbage and hundreds of unauthorized landfills of hazardous wastes, which pose a serious threat to the environment. Interestingly, for example, that Sweden has been earning a lot of money for many years from wastes’ recycling and even for taking wastes for recycling from other countries. The energy obtained by the Swedes from recycling is used to provide electricity to 1.25 million apartments and 680 thousands of households. This can be compared in number with the population of Crimea. As large quantities of wastes have to be disposed of and recycled after the liberation of Crimea, so such experience is extremely useful for the peninsula [12].

Eugen Gaivoronsky

Yalta-Kiev

1. https://youcontrol.com.ua/ru/catalog/company_details/35812810/

2. https://www.list-org.com/company/8159867/show/founders_history#founders

3. https://arc.construction/7956?lang=ru

4. https://rg.ru/2016/01/11/reg-kfo/musor-anons.html

5. https://arc.construction/8540?lang=ru

6. https://www.facepla.net/index.php/the-news/1-latest-news/1492-bio-gas

7. https://www.list-org.com/company/9357981/graph

8. https://arc.construction/5472?lang=ru

9. https://arc.construction/6196?lang=ru

10. https://primechaniya.ru/sevastopol/stati/rekultivaciya-svalki-pod-simferopolem-okazalas-ne-nastoyashhej

11. https://стопхламкрым.рф/новости/крым/симферополь/21387.html

12. http://oilreview.kiev.ua/2019/10/17/musoropererabatyvayushhij-zavod-v-shvecii-ezhegodno-zarabatyvaet-na-energii-s-otxodov-79-mln-evro-god/